July 20, 2015 Kindom

ADHD – what are the symptoms?

ADHD stands for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.  According to Developmental Paediatrician, Mark Selikowitz, it affects behaviour and sometimes impacts on our ability to learn.  Millions of people around the world have been diagnosed with ADHD and have worked out how to manage it and lead fabulous lives.

There are three types of ADHD:-

  1. Hyperactive-Impulsive
  2. Inattentive and
  3. Combined (which is a mix of both).

So what are the symptoms of ADHD? Dr Grohol of Pyschcentral.com and Selikovitz, provided an in-depth explanation of the symptoms of ADHD. Here is a brief summary of the (first) two very different types, but remember that children who display these things may not necessarily have ADHD.

Hyperactive-impulsive Type

The hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD usually shows up in early in a child’s life, during those pre-school or early primary school years.  These children are very spontaneous, often act without thinking and have trouble sitting still.

Research has shown that this type of ADHD affects more boys than girls.

Typical symptoms include:

  • Fidgeting and tapping hands or feet, or squirming in their seats
  • Running or climbing in situations where it is inappropriate
  • Talking too much
  • Interrupting or intruding on others
  • Lack of patience
  • Displaying restlessness

Inattentive Type

The inattentive form of ADHD usually shows up in children during primary and high school years, when they start experiencing difficulty with academic performance.

These children are commonly described by their teachers and parents as a ‘quiet under achiever’ and even ‘dreamy’.

Typical symptoms include:

  • Trouble with attention to detail
  • Making careless mistakes in homework or chores
  • Easily distracted when working on tasks or being spoken to
  • Finds difficulty engaging with activities that requiring a lot of thought or when learning something new
  • Forgets or loses things needed for a task, like books or pencils
  • Fails to finish assigned tasks like home work or chores


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Blog sources and further Information

Grohol, J. (2013) Childhood & Teenager ADHD Symptoms. Available at: http://psychcentral.com/lib/childhood-teenager-adhd-symptoms/ (Accessed: 15 July 2015)

Selikowitz, M. (2009) ADHD. 2nd edn. New York: Oxford University Press



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